Ukrainians continue to choose Poland as the main destination of economic migration.
Many Ukrainians in Poland find work in warehouses / photo depositphotos.com
Since the beginning of November, the Polish labor market has seen a decrease in the number of vacancies by 20% as a result of the increase in energy costs, the decline of industrial production in some areas of the economy, and inflation.
Ukrainians continue to choose Poland as the main destination of economic migration. However, mass departures abroad due to job loss in Ukraine and missile attacks have not been recorded so far. Experts of the EWL Migration Platform note this trend.
There is still a shortage of workers in many sectors of the Polish economy: the unemployment rate in October was 5.1%, i.e. the same as a month earlier – in September.
Ukrainians who do not know the Polish language and have no experience are looking for work in the field of e-commerce and logistics. This is work in warehouses related to order picking. Simple physical work, where you can earn seasonally or by working for a long time, is at enterprises of the food and processing industry, as well as at factories of the automotive industry (production of parts and accessories for cars).
Labor shortages are most felt in the transportation sector, where 61% of companies said in October that it was significantly slowing down their operations. According to the data of the Polish Economic Institute, for 54% of construction companies, the lack of workers is the biggest obstacle to functioning – many men from Ukraine worked on construction sites. There is also a shortage of highly qualified workers in technical specialties (locksmiths, machine operators).
According to the data of the Polish Border Service, massive missile strikes in October and November and the destruction of critical infrastructure did not cause a mass exodus of Ukrainians abroad.
Work in Poland: what is known
Almost 75% of employed Ukrainians in Poland send part of the funds to their relatives in Ukraine, of which more than 35% – more than half of their earnings.
After the start of the full-scale war in Ukraine, the largest number of Ukrainian refugees from the Dnipropetrovsk region found work in Poland – 11.5% of the employed.