The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania spoke with joint statementwhich called on the European Union and its partners to help Ukraine create a Special Tribunal.
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“In the run-up to EU discussions on Russian aggression against Ukraine, we, the Foreign Ministers of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, call on the European Union to make efforts in support of Ukraine’s aspirations to hold Russia accountable for its aggression against Ukraine,” the statement said.
The ministers stressed that “a rules-based international order … cannot survive if acts that most egregiously violate it — genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes of aggression — remain unpunished.”
Allies of Ukraine need to support all investigations by the International Criminal Court of war crimes, since it is the ICC that “plays a key role in collecting evidence, identifying and punishing those responsible for war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.”
However, the efforts should not end there, the foreign ministers said.
They recalled that there is currently no international court or tribunal that could hold the top political and military leadership of Russia accountable for the crime of aggression against Ukraine, and to fill this gap, it is necessary to create a Special Tribunal to prosecute the crime of aggression against Ukraine.
“While the ICC will prosecute individuals for war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity, the main responsibility of the Special Tribunal will be the crime of aggression,” the ministers said.
They emphasize that “the main instigators, instigators and organizers of this bloody aggression must not escape justice because of a gap in international criminal jurisdiction.”
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