There are 20,000 more electric cars in Ukraine than in Poland


Interest in electric cars grows every month, more and more of them are brought from abroad. The market indicators turned out to be a record not only for Ukraine, but also in comparison with its European neighbors: the total fleet of electric cars in Ukraine exceeds the Polish one by almost 20,000 cars.

Polish writes about it Gazeta Prawnainforms GS “Institute of Car Market Research”.

As of the end of July, more than 64,3 thousands of electric vehicles, of which about 62,200 are passenger cars and more than 2,000 are trucks. If we compare with July 2022, then a year ago there was approx 40,3 thousands of electric cars. That is, during the year there was an increase of approximately 60%. The positive trend is also evidenced by the fact that only last month Ukrainians purchased 4.6 thousand cars with zero emissions. This is another record on the market: at 70,4% more than in July 2022, and on 1,3% more than in June 2023.

The scale of development of the Ukrainian market becomes more obvious if you compare these figures with the statistics of the nearest European neighbors. Yes, on the roads of Poland moves over 47 thousand electric cars, of which there are close 42,2 thousands of cars, and more 4.8 thousand β€” trucks. In general, the fleet of electric vehicles in Ukraine exceeds the Polish one by almost 20 thousand. Poland also lags behind if we compare the number of plug-in hybrids: in Ukraine there are now about 61.7 thousand such cars, in Poland – less than 40.7 thousand.

Liberal rules for importing such cars from abroad contribute to the development of this segment of the car market in Ukraine. When importing a car with an internal combustion engine to Ukraine, you need to pay customs duty, VAT, excise tax and a pension fund fee.

Stanislav Buchatskyi, head of the Institute of Car Market Research

When buying an electric car from abroad, you only need to pay a minimum excise duty of 1 euro per 1 kWh of battery capacity. This way you can save from 40% to 50% compared to the cost of importing cars with internal combustion engines. The increase in interest in electric cars was also influenced by the increase in fuel prices. These are two main points that influence. We do not have other incentive programs for the purchase or use of electric vehicles.

Used and relatively inexpensive models predominate among the most popular electric cars. During January-July 2023, more than 2.4 thousand such cars were imported to Ukraine. The first places were: Nissan Leaf (1336 pcs.), Volkswagen e-Golf (1203 pcs.), Tesla Model 3 (1203 pcs.), Volkswagen ID.4 (852 pcs.), Tesla Model Y (838 pcs.) and Renault Zoe (714 pcs.).

Stanislav Buchatskyihead of the Institute of Car Market Research

The average age of imported electric cars is about 5.1 years. Most of these cars are brought to us from USA (about 30%), China (approximately 20%), as well as from of Germany, Norway and of Poland

What unites Poland and Ukraine in the matter of electric mobility is the still underdeveloped infrastructure of charging stations, although in this area the situation in Ukraine is better compared to Poland. Yes, we have approximately 3,200 public charging stations, where you can use approximately 11,000 connectors. The problem is that often such charging stations are not located at regular gas stations, but in hard-to-reach places. In addition, electric vehicles come to Ukraine from different markets, and therefore with different types of connectors. Because of this, difficulties arise during charging, because depending on the country of origin, the car may have four types of slow connectors and five types of fast ones.

For comparison, in the summer of 2023, more than 2,900 charging stations with approximately 5,900 connectors were operating in Poland. Despite the investment, growing demand for such services and financing of the sector in Poland, the expansion of the network of charging stations is not accelerating too much. As experts explain, the situation may change as a result of the European regulation of the infrastructure of alternative fuels (AFIR).

Alexander Reich, member of the board of the Polish Alternative Fuel Association

If the authorities want to avoid penalties for non-compliance with the requirements of the law, it is necessary to make legal changes that will lead, in particular, to simplifying the procedures for connecting charging stations, implementing mechanisms that will facilitate and stimulate energy companies to invest in network expansion.

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